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#55 (#166267) "BATTLE HYMN"
Teleplay By: Herman Miller (also 1-3) Story By: D. C. Fontana*2*
Directed By:: Barry Crane (also #44)
First Broadcast: FEBRUARY 8, 1975 (SATURDAY)
Guest Stars: Jose Feliciano, Beverly Garland, Joe Maross, John Bennett Perry Special Guest Star: Julian "Cannonball" Adderly
While chasing Caine for the reward, a man falls from his horse and is killed. The useless death leads Caine to shaving his head. Then he undertakes to return the dead man's belongings including, it turns out, a treasure map to the man's wife in Sovalo. On the way he runs into a pair of traveling musicians who are going the same way.

Information: The flashbacks in this episode seem to be just before Caine takes the final tests and leaves the temple.
When leaving a horse he has lead for a couple of days, Caine says good-bye (with gestures).
During the opening scene for this episode, Caine shaves his head (which Carradine did for "Besieged" so this scene was filmed before "Besieged" was shot though the production number doesn't reflect that).
A new flute is made for Caine in this episode.

#56 (Prod #166268) "THE FORBIDDEN KINGDOM"
Teleplay By: Norman Katkov (also #58)*2*
Story By: David Michael Korn & Norman Katkov*2*
Directed By:: Gordon Hessler (also #58)
First Broadcast: ABC, January 18, 1975
Guest Stars: James Shigeta (also #49), Clyde Kusatsu (also #35), Adele Yoshioka
While fleeing the Imperial troops after killing the royal nephew, Caine tries to escape into Tibet. And in the process he is helped, betrayed and loved by Po Li. (She was the mother of the son who turns up in the sequel movie of 1986 "Kung Fu: The Movie".)

Information: Caine has stopped shaving his head and wearing the robes of a priest here but in "The Chalice" when he's trying to get passage out of China, he is shaving his head and wearing his robes. He could, of course, have started doing so again after this story or maybe, he didn't get out of the country at that time and this is later and still later, he does get passage.
This episode actually uses the Po family name first (one of the few times in the series that attempts are made to be accurate to Chinese names).
Since Caine's hair is just starting to grow out, this seems to take place within a few weeks or maybe a couple of months of the killing of the royal nephew, but could a man, mostly on foot get from Peking (Beijing) to the border of Tibet in so short a time?
Caine threatens to kill a soldier herein. Threats would generally not be thought to be in the basic arsenal of a priest, even if he wouldn't have carried out the threat (he never actually says he would kill the soldier).
The KF Book claims Caine 'escapes China' at the end of this episode but Anderson*2* is mistaken, for Tibet is nowhere close to the sea by which Caine has to escape to have ended up in America and which he talks about heading for at the end of this story.

#57 (Prod # 166271) "THE LAST RAID"
Teleplay By:: John T. Dugan (also #20, 29, 40, 45 & 46)
Directed By:: Alex Beaton (also producer)
First Broadcast: April 26, 1975
Guest Stars: Hal Williams, L.Q. Jones (also #4), Charles Aidman, Charles Haid, Hoke Howell, Mae Mercer
On his way to Lordsville to answer a summons from Serenity Johnson (which he does in the following episode "Ambush" even though it seems "Ambush" was originally broadcast first), Caine visits old friends from "The Well" just as their son is kidnapped by former Confederate raiders who continue to fight the Civil War.

#58 (Prod #166272) "AMBUSH"
Teleplay By:: Norman Katkov (also #56)
Directed By:: Gordon Hessler (also #56)
First Broadcast: April 4, 1975
Guest Stars: Rhonda Fleming, Pat Morita, Timothy CareySpecial Guest Star: John Carradine
Serenity Johnson from "Dark Angel" & "The Nature of Evil" sends for Caine and then lies about how sick he is to get the priest to help him claim a $2000 debt. While with Serenity in Arizona City, Caine is shown a poster with information on the whereabouts of his brother, Danny.

Information: It is stated at the beginning of this episode that Caine is still searching for his brother (though this was broadcast after the four part story where he finds Danny). But he does say, "You give me nothing," when shown the poster on Danny Caine. There are no visual flashbacks here though there is a voice-over of Master Po and young Caine.

#59 (Prod #166269) "BARBARY HOUSE"
Teleplay By:: Stephen & Elinor Karpf (#59-62)
Directed By:: Marc Daniels (also #49, 53, 60 & 62)
First Broadcast: ABC, FEBRUARY 15, 1975 (SATURDAY)
Guest Stars: Lois Nettleton, Tim McIntire (also #4, 16 & 59-62), John Blyth Barrymore (#59-62 as Zeke Caine) Special Guest Star: Leslie Nielsen
The poster from #58 "Ambush" leads Caine to an establishment outside San Francisco. Danny has left but the owner is holding Danny's son, Zeke, and Caine is forced to become a prize fighter to stay with his nephew. (This is the first of a four part story line.)

Information: In a voice-over, Master Kan speaks of Caine's brother and ties of blood - but Kan never knew Caine had a brother; Caine didn't know it until he got to America.
Caine drives a wagon in this episode; the first time we see him do so although he may also have driven one in "Crossties."
Danny's former wife tells the following story: "For a little while I was Danny Caine's wife. Because I was only 16, my father arranged an annulment. My father bought the annulment from Danny with the promise of our child."

#60 (Prod #166270) "FLIGHT TO ORION"
Teleplay By:: Stephen & Elinor Karpf (#59-62)
Directed By:: Marc Daniels (also #49, 53, 59 & 62)
First Broadcast: ABC, FEBRUARY 22, 1975 (SATURDAY)
Guest Stars: Lois Nettleton, John Blyth Barrymore (#59-62 as Zeke Caine) Special Guest Star: Leslie Nielsen (#59-62)
Caine, Zeke and Zeke's mother try to find Danny before the search party which plans to find/kill him for a $10,000 reward (strange how both brothers turn out to have the same price on their heads).

Information: Herein Caine gives away the flute he received as a gift in #55 "Battle Hymn."

#61 (Prod #166273) "THE BROTHERS CAINE"
Teleplay By:: Stephen & Elinor Karpf (#59-62)
Directed By: Harry Harris (also #52 & 54)
First Broadcast: ABC, MARCH 1, 1975
Guest Stars: Leslie Nielsen (#59-62), Joanna Moore, John Blyth Barrymore (#59-62 as Zeke Caine), Carl Weathers SPECIAL Guest Stars: Tim McIntire (also #4 & 16 & as Danny Caine in #59 & 62) & John Vernon (also #62)
Zeke sells himself to his grandfather so that he can acquire information to help Kwai Chang find and warn Danny. Meanwhile, Danny is told that Kwai Chang is an assassin hired to kill him.

Information: Caine says his mother's name was Kwai Lin (sp?). And that Danny's mother was Elizabeth Chambers.
The story the widow in Orion tells Zeke of her involvement with Danny and Zeke Caine is, "Look at me. I'm old before my time...Thirteen-fourteen years ago, Danny Caine came up to this door...He had ridden all that way with a baby strapped around him. My baby and my husband had died the year before...The all of a sudden the war started. He left and he left you with me. Then he came back, but this time he took you away."

#62 (Prod #166274) "FULL CIRCLE"
Teleplay By:: Stephen & Elinor Karpf (#59-62)
Directed By:: Marc Daniels (also #49, 53, 59 & 60)
First Broadcast: ABC, MARCH 8 or 15, 1975 (may have been preempted)
Guest Stars: Leslie Nielsen (#59-62), A. Martinez (also #40), John Blyth Barrymore (#59-62 as Zeke Caine), Ted Gehring Special Guest Stars: Tim McIntire (also #4 & 16 & as Danny Caine #59 & 61) & John Vernon (also #61)
Finally the journey ends but then again it doesn't and won't until, as Caine says, "it comes full circle at my death."

Information: Caine does ride a horse in this episode, though he apologizes to the horse first. At the end of the episode, Caine even seems to take a sip of wine.


* * *1* * *

Information: A seventeen year old boy became Emperor of China (named Kuang-hsu) in 1873 and died in 1875. He could have had an older sister who had a son about his own age who was the boy Caine killed (but, actually, he didn't have any sisters that old although the word nephew might have been given to a cousin's child). And he might have been called Emperor before he actually took over the reins of power in 1873. But before 1873 and after 1875 until after the turn of the century (except for a few years in the 1890s), China was ruled by the Dowager Empress (for more information on Tz'u-hsi and her reign see the book DRAGON EMPRESS by Marina Warner).
In "Sun and Cloud Shadow" the assassin seeking Caine comes from the Dowager Empress but in other stories only the Emperor, or (in two episodes) the order that is sworn to protect him and his household, is mentioned (the only other mention of the Dowager Empress is in "The Cenotaph" where the concubine says the chair was a gift from the Dowager Empress). The woman in "The Cenotaph" is the Emperor's concubine and yet the Emperor at that time (well before Caine killed the Emperor's nephew) was maybe 14 years old!

* * *2* * *
Books referred to or quoted herein are as follows:
1)The Kung Fu Book by Robert Anderson, Pioneer Books, Inc., 1994 (abbreviated as KF Book)
2)The Kung Fu Book of Caine by Herbie J. Pilato, Charles E. Tuttle Co., 1993
3)The Kung Fu Book of Wisdom by Herbie J. Pilato, Charles E. Tuttle Co., 1995 (quotations marked with something like *2*p3 are from this)
4) The Spirit of Shaolin by David Carradine, Charles E. Tuttle Co., 1991
5) Epi-Log #32 (July 1993) Ed/Pub William E. Anchors, Jr., Epi-Log Communications
6) KUNG FU 1. The Way of the Tiger, The Sign of the Dragon by Howard Lee based on the teleplay by Ed Spielman and Howard Friedlander, Warner Paperback Library, 1973 (of pilot) (Note: we have been informed by David Spencer that Howard Lee was a pseudonym.)
7) KUNG FU 2. Chains by Howard Lee based on the television story by Paul Edwards and Gene L. Coon, Warner Paperback Library, 1973 (of #11) (Note: we have been informed by David Spencer that Howard Lee was a pseudonym.)
8) KUNG FU 3. Superstition by Howard Lee based on the television story by David Moessinger, Warner Paperback Library, 1973 (of #12) (Note: we have been informed by David Spencer that Howard Lee was a pseudonym.)
9) KUNG FU 4. A Praying Mantis Kills by Howard Lee based on the television story by Robert Lewin, Warner Paperback Library, 1974 (of #9) (Note: we have been informed by David Spencer that Howard Lee was a pseudonym.)
These books have a great deal of misinformation in them some of which is just due to the fact that neither the Anderson book nor the two Pilato books used information from the broadcasts. All the information they gathered on the episodes were from the scripts and what was actually shot and broadcast was often different from the script. Some of that misinformation is corrected in the list below which is taken from the broadcasts and actual screen credit which is the final arbiter.
* "SUN AND CLOUD SHADOW" was written by Halsted Welles not 'Wells' as stated by The Kung Fu Book of Caine.
*"THE PRAYING MANTIS KILLS" is named as "A Praying Mantis Kills" in the novelization of the story as well as in The Kung Fu Book of Caine, The Kung Fu Book, and Epilog. And The Kung Fu Book of Caine lists the writer of "THE PRAYING MANTIS KILLS" as Richard Lewin when it is Robert Lewin.
*"THE SQUAWMAN" is one word. The title isn't 'Squaw Man' as it is listed in both The Kung Fu Book of Caine and The Kung Fu Book.
*"THE WAY OF VIOLENCE HAS NO MIND" is named by its working title "The Raiders" in The Kung Fu Book and Epi-Log.
*"CROSSTIES" is listed as hyphenated ('Cross-ties') in The Kung Fu Book and Epilog.
*"ARROGANT DRAGON," not "The Arrogant Dragon" as per The Kung Fu Book.
*"THIS VALLEY OF TERROR" not "The Valley of Terror" as in The Kung Fu Book of Caine.
*Writing credits for "THE DEVIL'S CHAMPION" are to the two Michaelians - David Michael Korn is not included in the screen credits for this script.
*Writing credits for "THE GARMENTS OF RAGE" only go to Theodore Apstein though the books also give credit to Ed Waters & Herman Miller.
*"BESIEGED" pt. 1 is credited to William Kelley but he shares writing credit for pt. 2 with David Michael Korn (which may be why each part has its own subtitle). All the episode guides give credit to Ed Waters for both and David Michael Korn for the part he is really credited for and the other as well.
*"ONE STEP TO DARKNESS" not "One Step Into Darkness" as in The Kung Fu Book of Caine
*"BATTLE HYMN" was not credited to D. C. Fontana as all the episode guides claim. She was only credited for the story - teleplay was by Herman Miller.
*"THE FORBIDDEN KINGDOM" is not credited to Bernard Bossick and Lary Gibson as all the episode guides claim but to Norman Katkov with story by David Michael Korn & Norman Katkov.

* * *3* * *
The description of what a Shaolin priest can do seems to connect to a passage in the Tao Te Ching #14:

"Look it cannot be seen - it is beyond form.
Listen, it cannot be heard - it is beyond sound.
Grasp, it cannot be held - it is intangible."

* * *4* * *
The KF Book says that "for reasons undetermined Stephen Manley (who played young Spock years later in 'Star Trek III - The Search for Spock') played young Caine in two episodes rather than Radames Pera. It is presumed that Pera was ill..." Actually, these two stories called for a younger Caine (before his parents were killed and before he came to the temple) which Pera could no longer play. Proof that this is the reason comes from the fact that in "One Step To Darkness," two ages were needed and so both young actors were used in this one episode.

ADDITIONAL NOTE: Many of the quotations for the TAO TE CHING used in the above episodes are from the translation by Gia-Fu Feng and Jane English and those are noted with a [F]; but other quotes are from various other translations.

(NOTE: Although not all credits are listed here, Carradine says in Spirit/Shaolin*2* that Frank Westmore won an Emmy for make-up for the first season of "Kung Fu" and Emmys should be noted).


(After sending out some copies of the above guide, I have received corrections and additions from Kathy Kimber, who has found misquotations and even made me add whole sentences to the quotations by showing me what I had previously left out, from Linda Tenenbaum, who has corrected a number of discrepancies, and from Patricia Deneault who completed some quotations for me. Since I hate making mistakes, I am grateful that these people have found so many so that now there are fewer to be found in the future to embarrass me. However, I take full credit for every single mistake herein - and may the Fates have mercy on my soul!)

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